The Book of Ezra and Nehemiah deal with the return of the remnant from Babylonian captivity . They were the elect of the people returning to their own land of Jerusalem which is called post exile period, which is also called second exodus in Isaiah. This is the turning point in history. This was predicted by the prophet Isaiah 200 years in Isaiah 44:28,45:1-4,45:13 before Cyrus was born . The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus the king of Persia and he decreed to build a house in Jerusalem and to release the Jewish people. Including the Gold,silver and the sacred vessels that were all taken from the temple of Solomon.

Chapter 1-6 The return under Zerubbabel, The second chapter gives the size of the remnant. They are broken down to people,priests,Levites and others. They were about 50000. Zerubbaels lineage is given in Mathew 1:12-17. This was the first expedition. They restored worship and started building the temple . There were adversaries and it stopped for 15 years.After Haggai and Zechariah prophesied they resumed building the Temple.

Chapter 7-10 The second return was under Ezra about 2000 only the males were numbered. This was about 80 years after Zerubbabel. He was commissioned by king Artaxerxes. Ezra was important in Jewish history he is the founder of Jewish synagogue and established the name” word of God”. He was a descendant of Aron the high priest.He was also a expert instructor in Scripture. He made new commitment to the Law and establishes the law among people,including the restoration of the Passover.

Nehemiah

He was from the tribe of Judah,he was in a high position of honor and responsibility to Persian King.When his brother told him of the condition in Jerusalem and Judea and the ruins of the wall he was concerned . So he fasted and prayed. He was a spiritual man with keen conviction and complete dependence on God. He remembers his spiritual roots and identifies with God`s covenant people. The book of Nehemiah takes place after 12 years after reformation in Jerusalem Ezra 9-10.

Chapter 1-6. For four months he fasted and prayed and was convicted to undertake the building of the wall in Jerusalem. The Lord heard and answered his prayer for mercy. His appearance changed and the king asked him what was wrong,he responded and the king granted the request. When he reaches he makes a secret survey of the ruins and encourages the people to build the wall. He had many opposition but with divine intervention they get through and builds the wall in 52 days. They celebrate with

Chapter 7-13 Nehemiah was the Governor and was in charge of security of the city. He took a census of the people and to repopulate, Ezra and Nehemiah dedicated the wall with praise and thanksgiving. They also built the spiritual wall. They confessed their sin with sorrow with repentance and renewal of the covenant and celebrated with Joy. Prior to that he led the people along with Ezra back to the movement of the word of God. He helped the people by having them restructure people`s debt ,and many other things.He was unusual in his zeal for God. Through all the troubles he kept on praying.


Chapter 7-13 Nehemiah was the Governor and was in charge of security of the city. He took a census of the people and to repopulate, Ezra and Nehemiah dedicated the wall with praise and thanksgiving. They also built the spiritual wall. They confessed their sin with sorrow with repentance and renewal of the covenant and celebrated with Joy. Prior to that he led the people along with Ezra back to the movement of the word of God. He helped the people by having them restructure people`s debt ,and many other things.He was unusual in his zeal for God. Through all the troubles he kept on praying.


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