The Book of Luke deals with the humanity of our Lord ” For the Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which iswas lost” Luke 19:10 . The is the central message of the Book “Son of Man”. Humanity and compassion, justice for the poor and society and thus the Savior of the world. Luke writes to the Greek Mind. Luke was a beloved Physician to Paul, and wrote this Book and also the Book of Acts. Both Books are addressed to Theophilus,a speculated unknown person.
Chapter 1-4:13 – The Nativity,,Boyhood,Manhood of Jesus : These were about one quarter of the length of the Gospel of Luke. Luke dwells on the Birth of Christ and his account has no paralel to the other four Gospels. His first concern is the real human birth,growth and perfect manhood of Jesus Christ. Mathew gives genealogy through Joseph, Luke gives genealogy through Mary. Luke traces it back to Adam and traces Christ to the point of His appearance in the history of the race as human- as The Son of Man. The first two chapters covers Jesuses First Twelve years that He grew physically and in wisdom. After the Baptism of Jesus . He was tempted and “Jesus being full of Holy Spirit” This is to show that our Lord was tempted,tried,tested was controlled by Holy Spirit was led by the Holy spirit into the wilderness and being tempted Forty Days in the wilderness by the devil. He was placed in a position of trial and testing as we are, and He overcame Triumphanly.
Chapter 4:14-9:50 – Ministry in Galilee. This ministry begins at the Synagogue at Nazereth and His Manhood. Mathew talks about what Jesus said,Mark on what Jesus did and Luke, it is Jesus Himself ,His emphasis on Jesus Humanity through abundance of Fish and Peter`s realization of His wonderful power and Life Jesus gives to the son of widow of Nain. We see that Jesus chose his Twelve apostles then sent them forth as a multiplied ministry. Peter` s confession that He was the Son of God marks a change and from this point on Jesus talks of His coming rejection and death. The transfiguration was a Divine attestation of Him as the Son of God. He is dipicted a the divine Messenger. as in 9:35″This is my beloved Son,hear Him” The last public miracle in Galilee,before going to Jerusalem was the release of the demoniac son After these three events we find the reference to the cross.
Chapter 9:51-19:44 – The Journey to Jerusalem : Here we see only Five Miracles. We also see a great number of His sayings,doings ,parables and rebukes all reflecting our Lord and Savior. In Chapter 11 we read The Lord ` s Prayer and also Ask it shall be given unto you,Seek -you shall find,knock and it shall be opened unto you, He talks about- if earthly Father gives good gifts how much more God will give. A divided house cannot endure but falleth. The stong man stands for Satan and the strongest for Christ, Jesus ` s own power is unlimited. Yet He does not represent Satan to the disciples as a weakling or as a weakling of minor consequencece.. Jesus warns that nuetrality between Him and Satan is not Possible
For as Jonah was a sign unto Ninevites,so shall also the Son of Man be to this Generation. Jesus is emphasizing that His presence implies judgement,for ALL who DO Not respond to His message. Jesus likens Himself or His teaching about the Kingdom ,to light that dispels spiritual darkness,lacking to real goodness. He points to the greedy or robbing people to over come their selfishness and share with the poor and deal with justice and most of all Love. Though the Pharisees are pious, and self righteuos,these things are in vain. Jesus will not be part of furthering someone to their selfish interest. He calls for people to serve The Lord and others,not themselves. He says to cast all our burden on Him and not to worry about tomorrows for when u Trust in Him He will provide. Seek ye First The Kingdowm of God and all these things will be added unto you.. Jesus recommends constant readiness in light of the Judgement Day. Like in Revelation 3:20 at the wedding the servants are expected to wait ready to serve , no matter the hour,likely quite late, they are expected to be found ready. and as in no man knoweth the hour that the Son of God returneth.. Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. The parable of the Fig tree He talks about the forebearance,and also of His eventual severity on those,who are continuously fruitless..In The parable of mustard seed he teaches that with little faith , much can be accomplished.. In The parable of the leaven-When we deny Him on this earth..Jesus will deny to enter into Heaven. He heals the Dropsy man on Sabbath and shows that It is lawful to do good on Sabbath Day. Jesus teaches humility from the example of inviting the Poor and needy,the maimed ,the lame and the blind instead of the people who have everything and will return the favor. and thus will be recompensed at the resurrectin of just.. The parable of the Last Supper refers to a Full and scrumptuous meal. The thought is evidently a heavenly banquet at the end of the age.
Chapter 19:45 – 24 – His Sacrifice and Triumph. This section begins with the Lord in the temple and ends with His crucifixtion,entombment,resurrection and accension. The Manhood is seen through all this section in “His sweat drops as it were great drops of Blood” 22:44; In His praying, His torture — But we see more of His Diety in His answers, His submissiveness, His resurrection,His Ministry as the risen christ and His accension- then the people”were continually in temple,praising and blessing God” 24:53
There are some topics found only in Luke. Especially Jesus prayer life is mentioned atleast eleven times, His teaching on Prayer is about five times, and many other instances and references to prayer are in Luke and sometimes it is called Gospel of Prayer. Then there is the prominece of The Holy Spirit. 5 times in Luke 1:35;4:1;4:14; 4:18; and 11:13. Luke stresses the all inclusive Ministry of Jesus in Parables about the Two Debtors 7:41-50;The Good samaritan in 10:30-37; The Great Supper in 14:16-24; The lost coin in 15:1-32; The Pharisee and the Publican in 18:9-14; Presenting Christ as Son of Man in the words of Simeon in 2:29-32; He records about the Lord ` s comment about the Gentile widow of Sidon and Gentile Syrian, Naman in 4:26-27; The Ten lepers,cleansed and one alone give thanks in 17:15-16;. Then Luke Records the Prominece Given to women by Jesus. by mentioning their stories 45 times in the Gospel. Jesus forgiving the woman who was a sinner 7:37-50; The care for Martha and her trouble about many things 10:41; He records the incident of healing the woman with infirmity for eighteen years in 13:10-17; The woman having 10 pices of Silver 15:8; the incident of Jesus telling the woman weep not for me ,daughter of Jerusalem in 23:28; The description of John The Baptist mother Elizabeth in 1:5; and of Anna and her adoration of The Lord in 2:36-38. Mary` s song of Praise and adoration. 1:46-55; Luke also consists of 18 unique parables that are only found in the Luke: the Good Samaritan, the Lost Sheep, and the Prodigal Son are only found in the book of Luke (Luke 10:25-37, 15:4-7, 15:11-32). The abundance of food is also portrayed in the Luke. Some of Jesus’ parablesare of banquet and feasts. He makes altogether nineteen references to food or meal and thirteen of them only in Luke. The number of references also shows the significance of gathering together and having meal together. Jesus took opportunity of every feast or meal time that is mentioned in the gospel to reveal who he is and what is his teaching all about. He uses these times to communicate really something very important. , he is disclosing his divine identity that he is the only source of both spiritual and physical life. In addition, Luke also emphasizes how Jesus communicates about his kingdom with his people. The kingdom is a full of forgiven sinners – outcasts, unclean, and poor. He talks about the community which is the key aspect of the Kingdom of God – church. All the above things distinguishes Luke from Mathew mark and John.