We now come to the Epistles Of the New Testament. There are Nine Epistles written by Paul seven to Gentile churches — in Rome,Corinth,Galatia,Ephesus,Phillipi,Colosse and Thessolonica. These Epistles develop the doctrines of the Church. They give instruction as to the churches unique purposes of God. The Church as in Eph 3:9 ; Epistle to the Romans was written by Paul from Corinth during his third visit to that city,between 56 and 58 A.D.
The Church : Through Paul alone we know that church is not an organization but organism. the Body of Christ; instinct with His life, and heavenly in calling, promise,and destiny. Through him alone we know the nature, purpose, and form of the organization of local churches, and the right conduct of such gatherings. The church was primarily made up of Gentiles. Small groups of people met all over the city. “Paul, who was converted by the personal ministry of Lord in glory,is distinctively the witness to a glorified Christ, head over all things to the church,which is His body,as the eleven were to Christ in the flesh, the Son of Abraham and of David ” (Scofield Bible). The central message of Romans 1:16-17; For I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Jesus Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith, as it is written,the just shall live by faith.
Chapter 1-8; How the Gospel Saves. These Chapters are Doctrinal and teach the basic. The man s need for Gospel. The pagan man God gave up , the moral man who is hypocrite, which refers to both Gentile and Jews, The religious man, The Jews. , Then we see that all have sinned – acts of sin and all are in sin- an inward condition, 2:1-16 is about Judgement. Through out the Scriptures God is presented as a Judge. In the Old Testament, the Judgement of God is observable through the Flood, the destruction of Sodom and the collapse of various nations, including both Israel and Judah. In the New Testament the judgement in 8 areas. 1. Cross judgement,John 16:11; 2. Believers self judgement Cor 11:31; 3. Chastisement by the Father Hen 12:6-11; 4. Be-ma – The judgement seat of Christ 2 Cor 5:10; 5. Tribulation Ezek 20:37.38; 6. The judgement of the Gentile Nations. Matt 25: 31-45; 7. The Great white Throne Judgement Rev 20:11-15; 8. the Judgement of Angels 1 Cor 6:3; The fundamental principle of divine judgement is that God will judge according to truth.,deeds,light and the gospel which reveals human thoughts and motives.. therefore Christians should live their live accountable to God for their attitudes and actions. Then in Justification God declares a sinner righteous in the basis of his faith in Jesus Christ. 3:24,26,28; and in 3:34 “Redemption” means “to deliver, or save,by paying a price: So He paid the price for our Salvation, our Justification as in 1 Cor. 6:20.. In 3:25 we see Christ is our Propitiation simply means Satisfaction- a satisfactory sacrifice, or Mercy Seat if we accept His shed Blood as in Heb 2;17.Propitiation is the act of God,motivated by His immense Love,where by He accepts the Blood of Christ as the complete and satisfying sacrifice for all human sin,thus establishing a means of reconciliation between God and man, Therefore since we benefited from this we also ought to love one another. 1 John 4:10,11.
In Chapter 4: Paul selects Abraham to show us an illustration of justification. God ` s justification is timeless and He justified men before and after Christ. He was justified when he was 85 yrs old Gen 16.16 ; and was circumcised when he was 99 yrs old. So he was justified 14 yrs before proving that justification was entirely independent of,and apart from ordinances. He was not justified because of circumcision,but he was circumcised as a seal of his faith. 4:13 ; He was accepted of God and promised to be heir to the world,not through the law 4:13 ; but through faith. This promise was given to Abraham 430 yrs before the Mosaic law was given Gal 3:17. Chapter 5 -The fruits of Justification is peace v-1; Access to His Grace,rejoice in Hope v 2 – rejoicing in tribulations- patience, hope v 3-4 – The free gift of God is spotlighted in v 12-21. Adam was the root of sin in man- sins are the fruit of the problem cased by self will. Justification is the act of God,whereby our legal standing in heaven has changed and we are declared righteous. Anyone who comes to God and trusts Christ for Salvation will be justified. In Chapter 6: Baptism joins the believer to Christ. It separates him from his old life and identifies him in resurrection with new life in Christ. This is in reference to the work of the Holy Spirit in salvation . We should also walk in a newness of life letting go of the old. The believer is to calculate and yield no more to the old. but yield to Christ. In chapter 7-8 Paul shows that the new life,law and liberty of the spirit in believer are the ample answer to the cry “who shall deliver me?” When we are saved nothing can separate us from the love we have in Christ Jesus !! 8:35-39.;.
Chapter 9-11; How the Gospel relates to Israel. Paul states that the Gospel to the whole world does not annul God s special purpose for Israel and he proves it from Israel `s own history and God s Sovereignty v-6-9 Issac selected. v 10-13 Jacob selected. v 14-23- God s mercy with Israel and Pharaoh . v 24-26 -God s mercy to Gentiles as prophesied by Hosea. v 27-29 – Isaiah s prophecy. Paul s conclusion that Gentiles had attained righteousness through faith – while Israel through the Law, had not attained righteousness even after seeking it. v-32.
Chapter 10: Israels present and rejection of Messiah Paul says to Israel, ” The word is nigh thee,even in thy mouth and heart,that is the word of faith,which we preach v-8 and v-9-13 The simple plan of salvation for Jew and Gentile. Chapter 11 Talks about the future restoration of Israel v25-29 that all Israel will be saved. god has not cast away Israel as a nation. Through the unbelief of Israel the Gentiles has been Blessed. The fullness of Gentiles refers to the completion of the body of Christ made up of both Jew and Gentiles from Pentecost to the Rapture.
In chapter 12 – How the Gospel affects Conduct. The appeal to consecration and transformation and then appeal to service. This is the Christian Life.. In Chapter 13 – The Christian and his civil duties to government and to his neighbors In Chapter 14 -The Christian and weaker believers. We should not judge nor cause a weaker person to stumble. Chapter 15- Gentile and Jewish believers are one in Christ.
Chapter 16 – Paul s commendation and greetings to twenty eight individuals by name., men,women,Jew ,Gentile and ” I make mention of you always in my prayer” Paul s closing prayer 16:25-27; is a masterful benediction in which he again mentions “the Gospel” according to the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, but is made manifest (known) by the Scripture of the prophets–“
In the book of Romans God is saying to Jews and Gentiles ” righteousness may be received only through faith in Jesus Christ” Martin Luther started his reformation because of this book and has stated “Chief book of the New Testament and should be memorized word per word.” The Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all Amen v 24.; To God only wise,be glory through Jesus Christ for Ever. Amen V-27.